Before Trac 0.11, it was only possible to define fine-grained permissions checks on the repository browser sub-system.
Since 0.11, there's a general mechanism in place that allows custom permission policy plugins to grant or deny any action on any kind of Trac resources, even at the level of specific versions of such resources.
Note that for Trac 0.12, authz_policy has been integrated in trunk branch as tracopt.perm.authz_policy.*
An example policy based on an Authz-style system has been added. See ?authz_policy.py for details (current version requires >= Python 2.4). (See also ?sample-plugins/permissions for more samples.)
[trac] ... permission_policies = AuthzPolicy, DefaultPermissionPolicy, LegacyAttachmentPolicy
[authz_policy] authz_file = /some/trac/env/conf/authzpolicy.conf
[components] ... authz_policy.* = enabled
Note that the order in which permission policies are specified is quite critical, as policies will be examined in the sequence provided.
A policy will return either True, False or None for a given permission check. Only if the return value is None will the next permission policy be consulted. If no policy explicitly grants the permission, the final result will be False (i.e. no permission).
For example, if the authz_file contains:
[wiki:WikiStart@*] * = WIKI_VIEW [wiki:PrivatePage@*] john = WIKI_VIEW * =
and the default permissions are set like this:
john WIKI_VIEW jack WIKI_VIEW # anonymous has no WIKI_VIEW
At the time of this writing, the old fine grained permissions system from Trac 0.10 and before used for restricting access to the repository has not yet been converted to a permission policy component, but from the user point of view, this makes little if no difference.
That kind of fine-grained permission control needs a definition file, which is the one used by Subversion's mod_authz_svn. More information about this file format and about its usage in Subversion is available in the ?Path-Based Authorization section in the Server Configuration chapter of the svn book.
[/] * = r [/branches/calc/bug-142] harry = rw sally = r [/branches/calc/bug-142/secret] harry =
To activate fine grained permissions you must specify the authz_file option in the [trac] section of trac.ini. If this option is set to null or not specified the permissions will not be used.
[trac] authz_file = /path/to/svnaccessfile
If you want to support the use of the [modulename:/some/path] syntax within the authz_file, add
authz_module_name = modulename
where modulename refers to the same repository indicated by the repository_dir entry in the [trac] section. As an example, if the repository_dir entry in the [trac] section is /srv/active/svn/blahblah, that would yield the following:
[trac] authz_file = /path/to/svnaccessfile authz_module_name = blahblah ... repository_dir = /srv/active/svn/blahblah
where the svn access file, /path/to/svnaccessfile, contains entries such as [blahblah:/some/path].
Note: Usernames inside the Authz file must be the same as those used inside trac.
The same access file is typically applied to the corresponding Subversion repository using an Apache directive like this:
<Location /repos> DAV svn SVNParentPath /usr/local/svn # our access control policy AuthzSVNAccessFile /path/to/svnaccessfile </Location>
For information about how to restrict access to entire projects in a multiple project environment see ?wiki:TracMultipleProjectsSVNAccess
Don't forget to restart Trac engine to apply new configuration if you are running tracd standalone server.
See also: TracPermissions, ?TracHacks:FineGrainedPageAuthzEditorPlugin for a simple editor plugin.